Belize, also known as Belice, is a small country in Central America, to the south of Mexico. It touches Guatemala and the Caribbean Sea. It pertians to the Commonwealth and its population reaches around 400,000 people. The country is ruled under a parliamentary democracy, and its monetary system is the dollar.
The capital of Belize is Belmopan, but its most populated city is the City of Belize, with 15,000 inhabitants. The extension of this small Caribbean country is 23,000 km2 and has over 300 km of Caribbean coast. This was a British colony until 1981, the moment when it obtained its independence.
In the Caribbean Sea, the closest island to the country is Honduras, and the separation between both is about 70 km of the Caribbean Sea, called the Gulf of Honduras. The official language here is English, though most people here speak Spanish.
Regarding its geography, it is principally a very flat country. Its main river is Rio Belice, which crosses the entire country and in its highest point, the Victoria Peak, barely reaches 1,200 metres of altitude. It is also important to mention that, some of the most important and extensive coral reefs of the Caribbean belong to Belize. This is why it is a scuba diver's paradise.
The climate in Belize is tropical, bringing rains until October or November. There is a lot of humidity, and in some parts of the year, the risk or hurricanes and tropical storms is intense.
As to the economy of the country, tourism is its main source of income today, though it is a young tourist country and activities such as agriculture and fishing also make an important amount of income for the Net Interior Product of the country. Cultural tourism is big too, as there are Mayan ruins and archeological findings of the Maya people.
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